Saturday 15th February – Thursday 27th February 2020
Leaders: Mark Beaman and local guides
|13 Days||Group Size Limit 7|
|Hyaena Men of Harar Extension
Thursday 27th February – Tuesday 3rd March 2020
|6 Days||Group Size Limit 7|
- Gentle Guereza Colobus monkeys, grotesque Marabou Storks and graceful Wattled and Black Crowned Cranes in the Awassa region.
- Repeated encounters with the world’s rarest canid, the handsome Ethiopian Wolf on the ‘Roof of Africa’ in the wild Bale Mountains.
- Handsome Mountain Nyalas, tame Warthogs and unusual owls.
- Blue-winged Geese, Bearded Vultures, francolins and Rouget’s Rails.
- Extraordinary Afro-alpine vegetation and ‘enchanted’ moss forests.
- Communing with huge troupes of one of Africa’s most charismatic apes, the Gelada Baboon.
- The incredible wild landscapes of the stunning Simien Mountains.
- Searching for the rare Walia Ibex, Menelik’s Bushbuck and Ethiopian Klipspringer, plus encounters with Thick-billed Ravens and birds of prey in the most beautiful region of Ethiopia’s highlands.
- Explore the ancient fortress of Gondar, the most impressive in sub-Saharan Africa.
- Visit the amazing ‘Hyaena Men’ of Harar, and experience Spotted Hyaenas up close and personal!
- Photograph the ancient walled city of Harar.
- Explore the arid bushlands of the Awash region, home to Beisa Oryx, Arabian Bustard and many other interesting creatures
- A chance for photographs of a Carmine Bee-eater riding on a bustard’s back!
ETHIOPIA WILDLIFE PHOTOGRAPHY TOURS WITH WILD IMAGES
It is early morning on the high Sanetti Plateau in Ethiopia’s Bale Mountains. A mild ground frost has enhanced the already largely white vegetation that cloaks the spectacularly beautiful Afro-alpine moorlands, punctuated by rocky peaks and the tall, charismatic flowering spikes of Giant Lobelias. Suddenly there is movement. A tawny-coloured Ethiopian Wolf appears from behind a ridge and climbs up onto the summit rocks. It turns and howls, and soon after is joined by three others. The wolves greet each other and then trot right past us. As they disappear towards the rising sun a noisy party of Blue-winged Geese flights overhead and a Steppe Eagle, a winter visitor from Central Asia, glides towards us, on the lookout for the ubiquitous grass rats that are already warming themselves in the sun’s rays after the long, cold night. This then is ‘The Roof of Africa’, a truly unique place for the wildlife photographer.
There is no other place in sub-Saharan Africa where one can enjoy great wildlife and landscape photography and combine it with extraordinary cultural experiences. Ethiopia has all of this and more: the awesome landscapes and wildlife of the Bale and Simien Mountains, the spectacular cranes and other waterbirds of the Rift Valley Lakes and the palaces of Gondar, home of many of Ethiopia’s kings and emperors. Our special Ethiopia wildlife photography tours combine all of these wonders. See them for yourself!
Ethiopia’s highlands embrace the central part of the country like a necklace. The extraordinary Bale and Simien Mountains are home to some of Africa’s rarest wildlife, including the Walia Ibex, the Ethiopian (or Simien) Wolf and the gentle, vegetarian Gelada Baboon. It is a high altitude wonderland filled with wonderful wildlife, soaring cliffs, tussock grasses and stands of iconic Giant Lobelias. While we explore the dramatic scenery of these mountains, we will also be looking for Mountain Nyala, Menelik’s Bushbuck, Ethiopian Klipspringer, a variety of birds of prey (including the huge Bearded Vulture or Lammergeier), the iconic Thick-billed Raven, the lovely Spot-breasted Plover and the strange-looking Wattled Ibis, to mention just a few of our targets.
We will also have an opportunity to explore the lively town of Gondar, which served as the former capital of the Ethiopian empire. The city holds the mostly well-preserved remains of the Fasil Ghebbi, or Royal Enclosure, a walled stone fortress that is unique in sub-Saharan Africa, comprising a series of impressive palace-like buildings connected by grassy paths. Founded by Emperor Fasilides, the Fasilides ‘castle’ is the core building in this palace complex and it is accessed by an ancient stone staircase which leads you to a number of very grand rooms that open on to a balcony where the emperor used to address the Ethiopian people. We will also take a look at the fascinating Debre Berhan Selassie church, a classic example of Ethiopian Coptic church architecture and decoration.
The wildlife highlight of the Simien is undoubtedly the encounters we are going to have with huge troupes of Gelada Baboons. These large but gentle monkeys are vegetarian and here in Simien they are usually quite accustomed to, and tolerant of, close approach by humans. Even the big males will feed right next to you, provided you keep low and still. When we find a troupe, we will simply sit or lie among the feeding animals or walk with them as they move across a mountain meadow to graze on grasses and shrubs, while baby baboons play near our feet. As the sun goes lower in the sky we will search for them on the cliff edges as they return to their cliff nests to sleep after a day of grazing on the Simien plateau.
During the optional extension we continue our Ethiopian adventure by heading east to the arid bushlands of Awash and the historic city of Harar.
Awash is strikingly different from anything we will have seen up to now. Situated close to the huge Danakil Depression, its hot and arid landscapes are home to beautiful Beisa Oryx, Soemmering’s Gazelles, Northern Gerenuks, Sacred (or Hamadryas) Baboons, Lichtenstein’s Sandgrouse and Arabian, Kori and White-bellied Bustards. If we are in luck we will see and photograph a Northern Carmine Bee-eater riding along on a Kori or Arabian Bustard’s back!
Finally, there is the ‘pièce de résistance’! Not many people know about the extraordinary ‘Hyaena Men’ of Harar and the wild Spotted Hyaenas that they feed every night, following the ancient custom of this remote holy city in eastern Ethiopia. Be prepared to be amazed. You will never have seen, or photographed, anything like it!
What makes the Wild Images Ethiopia wildlife photography tour special?
Firstly, diversity: most tours restrict themselves to the two mountain massifs, the Bale and the Simien. These are indeed places with great opportunity and areas where Ethiopia’s most famous mammals are to one found, but you can greatly diversify your portfolio of wildlife images if you spend some time in other Ethiopian environments.
Secondly, our very extensive knowledge of Ethiopia really counts when it comes to the chosen locations of our accommodations.
For example, in the Bale Mountains we base ourselves in Goba. The choices here, to most extents and purposes, are between a lodge in the Harenna Forest on the southern side of the massif and an hotel in Goba on the northeastern slope of the mountains. The lodge in the Harenna Forest is more comfortable (although the quality of the food is about the same, based on our experiences of both), so the choice might seem straightforward, but it is not. Location for photography is the key here. The best area for Ethiopian Wolf and indeed most other interesting mammals and birds, on the Sanetti Plateau is much nearer to Goba, allowing our groups to spend the best times of day for photography (early morning and early evening) in the field, yet still take a welcome break at our accommodation in the middle of the day.
The Afro-alpine moorlands of the Bale and the Simien offer a major challenge to photographers owing to heat shimmer. The high altitude coupled with a vertical Equatorial sun at midday mean that there are only short early morning and evening windows for really good images on many days of the year. You can see plenty of wildlife between 0900-1600, but most images will be spoiled by shimmer. We think there is a huge advantage, in such a situation, to spend the unproductive middle hours of the day having a siesta or reviewing images, or both. Then getting out early and late is so much easier!
The other advantage of Goba, and it is a big one, is its proximity to the Dinsho area of Bale Mountains National Park (45 minutes, compared with around three hours from the Harenna, allowing for both early morning and evening visits). For the photographer, Dinsho is a must and we will certainly want to go there twice during our Bale explorations. Mountain Nyala and Menelik’s Bushbuck are much more confiding here, allowing a close approach, unlike on the high plateau, while the Common Warthogs are fearless and superb portraits are usually straightforward. In addition Dinsho holds some charismatic owls and nightjars.
We have seen folk talking up the Harenna Forest by mentioning things like Lions, black morph Leopards, Giant Forest Hog, Wild Dogs, Bale Monkeys and the like, but the reality is that your chances of encountering, never mind photographing, any of these creatures in the area are very low, as we know from personal experience.
Then there is the Simien. It is absolutely key for photography to stay inside the park, where there is just one lodge, Simien Lodge. It is quite expensive, but well worth it, as we can be out early and come back late and not be restricted by the opening hours of the park gate. This means we will have the opportunity to photograph backlit Gelada Baboons, Walia Ibexes and raptors in the early morning light and the awesome Simien scenery at sunrise and sunset.
And finally there is that little matter of the ‘Hyaena Men’ of Harar. Something utterly unique.
If you would like to visit Lalibela and its famous, World Heritage Site rock churches before or after the tour, we can easily arrange this for you. You will be well looked after by a local guide. Please let us know if you are interested.
Accommodation during our Ethiopia wildlife photography tour will generally be in good or medium quality lodges and hotels (the latter in areas where nothing better is available). At Bilen, where we spend one night, the lodge is very simple, but all rooms have private bathrooms.
Transport will be by 4×4 Toyota Landcruisers or similar. There will only be a maximum of 2-3 participants in each vehicle, giving everyone plenty of space and their own window and their own door for a fast exit when photography demands it! (Many tours use small buses in Ethiopia, but we don’t think these appropriate for serious photographers.) Main roads in Ethiopia are rapidly improving (some are now really good) but roads in remote areas are much more variable and can be quite rough dirt roads.
Most of the walks during our Ethiopia wildlife photography tour are relatively easy and short.
The highlands of Ethiopia enjoy pleasant daytime temperatures of around 20°C (68°F), but at night the temperatures can drop much lower, especially in the Bale and the Simien (where ground frost is possible). At lower altitudes temperatures are hot in the middle of the day.
For wildlife photography with a DSLR you may find a 70-200mm zoom is great for close-up Geladas, but in general a prime lens with a focal length between 400-600mm will be needed, with or without converters. (If your budget does not run to prime lenses, a high quality 100-400mm or similar zoom, with or without a converter, can be a great alternative.) For landscape photography we suggest you bring a wide angle lens of around 16-35mm or similar.
Alternatively, you can get wonderful results during our Ethiopia wildlife photography tours with a high quality digital bridge camera with an 18-20x or higher optical zoom and a wide-angle setting equivalent to 24-28mm.
If you have questions about what equipment you ought to bring, please contact us.
ETHIOPIA WILDLIFE PHOTOGRAPHY TOURS: PRICE INFORMATION
2020 provisional prices: £4190, €4770, $5820 Addis Ababa/Addis Ababa. Deposit 10%.
Hyaena Men of Harar Extension: £1650, €1880, $2290 Addis Ababa/Addis Ababa. Deposit 10%.
Includes surface transportation, accommodations, meals, bottled water, entrance fees and tips/gratuities.
Please note that the Addis Ababa-Gondar-Addis Ababa flights are not included. These flights are much less costly if included with your international tickets, provided you are flying into Addis Ababa with Ethiopian Airlines (which most people do). If you prefer to book your own international flights, we will provide details of exactly which flights you need to book when we send out the tour start and end notification. We can provide the internal flight tickets on request for anyone flying into the country with another carrier, should you find this preferable. Just ask our office.
Single Room Supplement: £576, €657, $801. Extension: £150, €171, $209.
This tour is priced in US Dollars. Amounts shown in Pounds Sterling and Euros are based on: £1 = $1.390 and €1 = $1.220.
Air Travel To & From The Tour: Our in-house IATA ticket agency will be pleased to arrange your air travel on request, or you may arrange this yourself if you prefer.
ETHIOPIA WILDLIFE PHOTOGRAPHY TOUR ITINERARY
The tour starts this morning at Addis Ababa. You can choose to arrive by air this morning with Ethiopian Airlines or by another carrier, or you can elect to arrive the previous day and get some rest by having an extra hotel night. If you arrive early enough you can explore the city if you wish. There are plenty of interesting things to see, including Emperor Menelik’s tomb, the cathedral, the national museum and the huge and fascinating Mercato open-air market.
From ‘Addis’ we will head southeastwards, dropping down from the highlands to the hotter, more arid Great Rift Valley (a vast and dramatic geological feature that runs all the way from southeastern Turkey to southern Africa!).
We may opt to take a break at Lake Chelekleka on the outskirts of Bishoftu. It is rich in waterbirds, including Great White Pelicans, Common Cranes and many others, but if not we will press on to Lake Koka, often a great site for photographing impressive (and noisy) African Fish Eagles and sometimes the beautiful Black Crowned Crane. There are often so many eagles here that fights over fish break out.
This afternoon we will arrive at Lake Ziway, where we will overnight at a comfortable hotel right at the lakeside. Lake Ziway is a great place for photography, and of course of a kind we will not enjoy while in the Bale or Simien. We can walk out directly onto either of two promontories that start at our hotel and enjoy the spectacle of numerous waterbirds, most of which are highly approachable. (An important aspect of Ethiopia, and one which makes it so good for wildlife photography, is that birds and indeed most creatures are not harmed by local people.)
Large flocks of Great White Pelicans are a feature here and we are likely to get surprisingly close to these huge and impressive birds. Among the many other stars are the jewel-like Malachite Kingfisher, the long-toed African Jacana, the huge Goliath Heron, the strange Hamerkop and the superb Saddle-billed Stork. Additional species we are likely to shoot include White-faced and Fulvous Whistling Ducks, Spur-winged and Egyptian Geese, Hottentot Teal, Pink-backed Pelican, Reed Cormorant, African Darter, African Sacred and Glossy Ibises, Yellow-billed Stork, Black-winged Stilt, Spur-winged Lapwing, Gull-billed and White-winged Terns, Red-eyed Dove and Pied Kingfisher (try and take them hovering). Rather macabre Marabou Storks nest in the trees around the hotel.
We will set off early and drive the short distance to the northern end of Lake Langano. The grounds of a rather run-down hotel usually hold impressive Greyish Eagle-Owls and many cryptically-coloured Slender-tailed Nightjars, and while looking for these nightbirds we are likely to find and photograph the endemic Black-winged Lovebird and Red-throated Wryneck, as well as Namaqua Dove, White-bellied Go-away-bird, the weird-looking Speckled Mousebird, Little Bee-eater, Eurasian Hoopoe, Black-billed Wood Hoopoe, and colourful Greater Blue-eared, Rüppell’s and Superb Starlings.
From Langano we continue south to the town of Shashamane for lunch and then, during the late afternoon, we will explore the rarely-visited Senkelle Wildlife Sanctuary, last stronghold of the endemic Swayne’s Hartebeest. These impressive chestnut-coloured antelopes are still common here and the grasslands also feature White-bellied Bustard and the gorgeous Northern Carmine Bee-eater. Eventually we will arrive at Awassa, a town situated beside the lake of the same name, where we will overnight.
Our hotel is situated right at the lakeshore and the grounds and surroundings are a great place for early morning photography. Beautiful, black and white Guereza Colobus monkeys with long bushy tails frequent the area and, since the hotel staff give them a few tidbits, are very confiding, allowing for great shots. Mothers with tiny infants are especially appreciated. Grivet Monkeys also occur here and the more photogenic birds include the delightful little African Pygmy Goose, Squacco Heron, the perky little Black Crake and Woodland Kingfisher. African Spotted Creeper, a very uncommon and patchily-distributed bird, also occurs here, but we cannot honestly claim it will be at the top of most folk’s targets!
Not far out of town is the fish market, where enterprising fisherfolk have found out they can get a small tip from visiting photographers for throwing fish to the Marabou Storks. We will spend a little time here to enjoy the spectacle before our thoughts turn to high mountains almost empty of people.
After the day starts to heat up we will head up into the Bale mountains for a four nights stay at Goba. This afternoon we will enjoy our first outing in these beautiful mountains.
We will be spending much of our time exploring the wild and spectacular Afro-alpine moorlands of the high Sanetti Plateau, one of the best places in the Bale Mountains for finding Ethiopian Wolf. The handsome Ethiopian (or Simien) Wolf has had a difficult time in recent decades, suffering from distemper epidemics introduced by domestic dogs (incursions of which have become more common as the region’s human population has increased). This is now the world’s rarest canid, although happily a recent campaign to vaccinate local dogs, organized by the Ethiopian Wolf Conservation Programme has brought about a welcome rebound in the population.
The wolves tend to go around singly or in small groups and during the course of our visit we should have repeated encounters with them, watching them patrol their territories, greet each other, relax or hunt rodents and other prey. While we should be able to see them catch rodents, you can consider yourself lucky if you witness a close-up ‘kill’ and likewise, although most packs will have pups at this season, getting great photo opportunities with cubs must be considered a real bonus.
The number of rodents here is quite extraordinary, and of course they provide a bonanza for predators. It is estimated that their density is such that combined weight of rodents per square kilometre (or about 0.4 square mile) is no less than 4 tons! The great majority on the moorlands (and the main prey species of the Ethiopian Wolf) consist of three Ethiopian endemics: Blick’s Grass Rat, Black-clawed Brush-furred Rat and the extraordinary, endangered Giant Mole Rat. The latter, a huge blind rodent with very goofy teeth, is constantly enlarging its burrows to reach new food supplies and we will have some fun trying to sneak up on them to take some photos. They have good hearing and also detect vibrations, so in spite of their blindness a close approach is not easy!
While the handsome Mountain Nyala is regularly seen on the moorlands, the landscape is open and approaching them closely on foot is often unsuccessful. For far better opportunities we will head for the Bale Mountains National Park headquarters at Dinsho. Here, some of the Nyalas have become unafraid of humans and will allow a close approach, as will Menelik’s Bushbucks and especially the ultra-tame Common Warthogs, which one can get to within a couple of metres!
Dinsho is also a good place for bird photography, often including African Wood Owl, the huge Verreaux’s Eagle-Owl and the uncommon endemic Abyssinian Owl. (Cape Eagle-Owls also occur here, but are usually too distant for good images.)
After a final photography session in the Bale Mountains we will descend to the Awassa area for an overnight stay.
We will spend the early morning in the Awassa area, concentrating on the beautiful and spectacular Wattled and Black Crowned Cranes. We could well see and photograph the latter species dancing. There will be plenty of other species to photograph, including a good selection of waterbirds.
Afterwards we will head northwards to Addis Ababa airport, from where we take an early evening flight to Gondar, a city situated not far from Lake Tana in northern Ethiopia. We will stay overnight at the comfortable Goha Hotel, perched on a high hill with a spectacular view over the city.
Before we leave Gondar, we will visit the Imperial Palaces and the Debre Berhan Selassie church.
Officially founded by Emperor Fasiledes in 1636 as a third permanent capital city of Ethiopia, Gondar is notable for its most impressive Imperial Palaces/Castles and churches. The dramatic, castle-style palaces built over a period of more than 150 years reveals the influence of Axumite, Indian and even Portuguese and Moorish architecture in Ethiopia.
The beautiful church of Debre Berhan Selassie, famous for the colourful mural paintings on the ceiling, which according to legend was saved by a swarm of bees when the Mahdist soldiers from Sudan sacked and burned down the city in the 1880s, reflects the religious art of the Gondarine period.
Afterwards we will head for the World Heritage Site of Simien Mountains National Park. The drive between Gondar and Debark is very scenic, particularly at Kosoye some 32km (20 miles) north of Gondar, where Queen Elizabeth II of England camped in 1965 while driving between Gondar and Axum.
At Debark we will collect a park scout and permits at the park headquarters and then continue our drive to Simien Lodge, where we stay for three nights. This afternoon, after lunch at our dramatically-situated lodge (which claims to be the highest lodge in Africa, and they are surely right!) we will start our photographic exploration of the extraordinary Simien Mountains.
Created by massive erosion, the Simien Mountains is one of the most spectacular landscapes in the world: jagged mountain peaks with many summits over 4,000m (roughly 13,000ft), deep valleys and 1,500m sheer precipices. The park is home to the highest peak in the country, Ras Dashen, which is 4543 metres (14,906ft) above sea level.
The Simien Mountains is also the refuge of the endangered endemic Ethiopian (or Simien) Wolf, the extraordinary Gelada Baboon and the endangered Walia Ibex, a wild goat unique to Ethiopia. It is also home to endemic birds such as the Thick billed Raven and Wattled Ibis.
In addition to its wonderful scenery and wildlife, the park is also famous for its Afromontane forest, Hypericum woodland, Afromontane grassland and Afro-alpine moorland dominated by Giant Lobelias, Red Hot Pokers, tree heaths, giant St. John’s Wort and African Roses. As you can see, no Ethiopia wildlife photography tour can afford to miss out the extraordinary Simien!
We will explore the scenic Simien escarpment in order to find the endemic Gelada Baboons. Nicknamed ‘bleeding heart baboon’ and ‘lion-monkey’ for reasons that will soon be obvious to all, Gelada Baboons are peculiar to Ethiopia and Eritrea, still being numerous in the Simien Mountains. Geladas are mainly vegetarian, living on herbs, grasses and roots, but they also eat insects including and locusts. Geladas live along the rim and steep slopes of the escarpment, which are their refuge when danger threatens.
On one or more days, after an early breakfast, we will leave the lodge for Chenek guard post, taking a picnic lunch. The scenery around Chenek is even more awesome than further west near our lodge, with huge peaks, crags and cliffs in the foreground and distant granite domes below the Simien escarpment. Here we can look for the endemic Walia Ibex. As well as photography opportunities with the ibex, we will also be hoping for an encounter with the handsome Ethiopian (or Simien) Wolf, a declining species that still occurs regularly around Chenek.
We also have a high chance of spotting wildlife such as Ethiopian Klipspringer, Menelik’s Bushbuck, Bush Duiker and raptors including the huge Steppe Eagle, Tawny Eagle and the magnificent Bearded Vulture or Lammergeier.
After spending much of the day in the Simien we will return to Gondar for an overnight stay.
Our Ethiopia wildlife photography tour concludes with a morning flight to Addis Ababa.
HYAENA MEN OF HARAR EXTENSION
We will leave Addis Ababa behind and head eastwards, leaving the fertile highlands behind and travelling through increasingly arid country until we reach Awash National Park, where we will stay for two nights at a comfortable lodge at Awash Falls.
The spectacular falls are right beside the lodge and are a great place to practice the pleasing effect of slow shutter speeds as the light dims. Large Nile Crocodiles are a feature here and can be photographed on the river banks and partly-submerged rocks, displaying those awesome arrays of teeth. We will also have our first opportunity to explore further afield.
We will spend the entire day inside Awash National Park. The terrain is mostly a mosaic of grassland and acacia scrub, but the Awash River flows through the area and supports some thin strips of riverine forest in places. A distinct advantage of Awash (and indeed all national parks we visit in Ethiopia) compared to many other African parks is that one is allowed to get out of the vehicles and photograph on foot owing to the virtual absence of dangerous mammals.
Awash holds some interesting mammals, including Olive Baboon, the delightful little Salt’s Dikdik and the handsome Beisa Oryx. With a bit of luck we will also encounter Northern Lesser Kudu.
Birdlife is rich and varied (over 400- species have been recorded from Awash) and among the most appealing photographic targets are the huge Lappet-faced Vulture, Tawny Eagle, Pallid and Montagu’s Harriers, Pygmy and Lanner Falcons, Kori, Buff-crested and White-bellied Bustards, Black-headed Lapwing, Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse, Blue-naped Mousebird, the superb Abyssinian Roller, the wonderful Northern Carmine Bee-eater (which sometimes uses the backs of Kori Bustards or even Somali Ostriches as a convenient lookout!), Northern Red-billed and Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbills, and the lovely Rosy-patched Bushshrike (pairs often duet together).
After a final early morning photographic session at Awash National Park we will travel a relatively short distance to the northeast to the Bilen area for an overnight stay. This interesting area is inhabited by Afar people who were formerly nomadic herders but now live a more settled existence, although they continue to use the long, rounded thatched dwellings that they used while moving from one area of pasture to another.
This afternoon we will start our exploration of the Bilen area. The dry plains of this part of Ethiopia hold the near-endemic Sacred (or Hamadryas) Baboon, as well as Soemmering’s Gazelle, Beisa Oryx and the long-necked Northern Gerenuk. Interestingly, the Golden Jackals of Africa have recently been split off as a distinct species, African Golden Wolf, on the basis that their genetics place them closer to the wolves and coyotes. There is a good chance of photographing this newly ‘promoted’ wolf in this area.
The open grasslands and acacia bushlands here are a stronghold of the stately, but declining Arabian Bustard, while other great birds to photograph include such restricted-range specialities as the huge Somali Ostrich, Hartlaub’s Bustard and Somali Fiscal.
We will spend the early morning in the Bilen area before setting out for the Chercher Mountains and the city of Harar, where we will spend two nights. We will arrive in the afternoon in time to prepare for our first session this evening with the ‘Hyaena Men’.
Harar is an ancient city, known simply as Gey (‘the city’) to its inhabitants. The date of its foundation is unknown, but it was already important by the 13th century and later became the capital of the Adal Sultanate and its successor state, the Emirate of Harar, in the 16th century.
Quite how the Hararis started feeding Spotted Hyaenas is lost in legend, but it does seem they were tolerated and indeed encouraged in the city as nocturnal scavengers as far back as the 16th century, as low doorways were built at that time in the city walls to accommodate them! The various legends about feeding include stories that they were publicly fed porridge so that they could act as impromptu soothsayers through their style of eating it, or that they were fed to discourage them from eating livestock or even people during droughts, or even that Muslim saints communicated with their clan leaders and persuaded them not to do harm in return for handouts.
In any event, it seems the feeding had long since stopped before it was revived in the 1950s or 1960s, perhaps through nothing more than chance encounters with hyaenas and the inclination to see if they would accept food. Since then it has become a nightly event at Harar, with two senior ‘Hyaena Men’, Mulugeta Wolde-Mariam and Yusuf Mume Saleh, and their assistants, operating at two different sites outside the walls.
Spotted Hyaenas have a fearsome reputation, only partly because of their manner and appearance, but also because of their ruthless hunting style in the wild, so seeing them come close to humans and take meat from small sticks held in what seems a tiny hand, next to their huge muzzles, or even a human mouth, seems pretty awesome to the rest of us! Not only do the hyaenas take food but they ‘lovingly’ rest their huge paws on the Hyaena Mens’ backs or heads and generally behave like large friendly dogs!
As well as being able to take photographs, at close range, of the Hyaena Men and their nightly ‘guests’ from the surrounding forests (where the hyaenas live a perfectly normal life for 23 hours a day), we will also be able to get great shots of them lurking in the background, resting before they feed or prowling in sinister fashion. If you are so inclined you can get down low for better angles (so far they have never eaten anyone!) and if you are really brave you will get the chance to feed them yourself.
Needless to say the whole experience is utterly unforgettable and a wildlife photography encounter that is completely unique.
This morning there will be time to explore the ancient medina of Harar and its surrounding fortifications, known as the Jugal (or Jugol). The walled old city dates back to around the 16th century and is a fascinating warren of small alleyways, markets, mosques and ancient buildings. Harar is widely considered to be the 4th holiest city in Islam, after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem, but today it is famed for its tolerance of other faiths and Harar beer, brewed naturally enough by Christians, is widely available. It is said that there are 99 mosques in Harar, chiming with the 99 known names of Allah, but in reality there are ‘only’ 86. Harar is a wonderful place for photography, especially if you get out early while the light is at its best.
We will also enjoy a photographic session with the ‘Kite Man’ of Harar. Feeding the Yellow-billed Kites is a recent development, not some ancient tradition, but it is fun to watch and photograph the kites swooping down and often squabbling in mid-air over small pieces of meat from the ‘Kite Man’s’ hands.
During the late afternoon we will try and find some of the Spotted Hyaenas lurking in the dry woodland near the town prior to gathering for the evening feast. It will be good to have some daytime shots to balance the nocturnal spectacle. After dark we will of course return for a second session outside the town walls with the ‘Hyaena Men’, something none of us will ever forget!
Today we will return to Addis Ababa, where the extension ends.